Belgium abolished naturalization.
Deputies of the Belgian parliament changed the rules for granting citizenship to foreigners. The new code virtually eliminates the so-called naturalization & # 150; the easiest and fastest way to obtain a Belgian passport, according to which about 5,000 migrants became citizens of Belgium every year.
Changes in the law on the rules of granting Belgian citizenship were considered in the country’s parliament for about two years. With significant improvements, the document was approved by the deputies.
As the Belgian newspaper La Libre writes, if so far there have been 12 ways for foreigners to obtain a Belgian passport (according to the application, at the choice, at the time of marriage, as recognized by the state, naturalization, etc.), now the parliamentarians actually left only two ways & ndash; by birth and by residence.
For foreigners born in Belgium, after the new law comes into force, nothing changes. A candidate born in Belgium and legally residing in the country from birth may become a Belgian upon application at the age of 18 years. The only condition is social integration.
Those who have come to Belgium and have legally lived in the country for at least five years can obtain Belgian citizenship upon application under three conditions. First & ndash; Provide evidence of possession of one of the three official languages (Dutch, French, German).
Second & ndash; to prove their social integration either with the help of a diploma (certificate) issued by an educational institution recognized in Belgium, or having completed vocational training for at least 400 hours. Other options & ndash; to pass the integration course, but now it is only possible in Flanders, or to provide a document confirming the continuous work activity for 5 years.
And the third & ndash; prove their participation in economic life. To do this, for five years of life in Belgium, a foreigner must work at least 468 working days (about 1.5 years) with a wage worker or official, or make contributions to social funds as an independent person for at least six trimesters.
Exception from the absolutely mandatory condition & raquo; participation in economic life is provided for foreigners whose spouse (with whom he or she lives more than 3 years) has Belgian citizenship, as well as for foreigners who have a child with Belgian citizenship.
For foreigners who have legally lived in Belgium for more than 10 years, the criteria are less strict, since officials are confident that after such a long stay in Belgium integration is almost inevitable. Such adult candidates should only prove that they participate in the “life of the host community”.
As for naturalization, when citizenship is granted by a decision of the House of Parliament, it has until now been the easiest way to become a Belgian. The candidate had only to prove that in the last three years he lived in his private property in Belgium. Each year, thus, a Belgian passport was received by about 5,000 foreigners, which allowed critics to say that Belgian citizenship is “sold cheaply”.
The new code eliminates this possibility. Now, the permission of the House of Parliament can only be used in & laquo; exceptional cases & raquo; & ndash; as a rule, for merit. The applicant must provide Belgium with evidence of special merit in science, sports, culture and the social sphere.
& laquo; Belgium has followed the path of most of the EU countries, where it is unrealistic to obtain citizenship without living there for at least five years. Therefore, now we have only to lament over the & laquo; departed train & raquo ;. Indeed, so rapid [three years] the decision of the passport issue, as it was in Belgium, the EU simply does not remain. The Belgian experience was also unique in that they allow dual citizenship & raquo ;, & ndash; explained the magazine EUROMAG Belgian innovations director of the Moscow office of the company Tax Consulting U.K. Eduard Savulyak.
In addition to increasing the length of stay, delimiters under the new program, he also named the rules of integration & raquo; & ndash; knowledge of the language, confirmation of the diploma and time worked. & laquo; In other words, through & laquo; passive investments & raquo; [for example, in real estate] in Belgium do not gain a foothold & raquo ;, & ndash; he added.
However, the expert acknowledged that Belgium was not “super popular” or raquo; among the Russians. & laquo; Still, the country is not cheap, too calm and not very “unwound” & raquo ;. After all, at the cost of living Belgium is not inferior to the popular among Russians in Britain, France and Austria. Therefore, to say that many Russians will refuse to receive a Belgian passport [because of the increase in the terms of integration (raka) ] and reoriented to some other country & ndash; not & raquo ;, & ndash; he believes.
Belgium abolished naturalization.