I interviewed a large number of our compatriots and quote their statements.
Vladimir (61). “I think that both immigrants and Jewish emigrants, regardless of the reasons for their departure, left for Germany with the hope that they will be happy and” find “themselves in a new life, but in reality everything turned out not so: ignorance, and for many even and the impossibility, to learn German, led to the fact that it was very difficult to integrate in Germany. Without the knowledge of the language, they do not take us to work, and they treat us like second-rate people. ”
Indeed, complaints about the inability to learn German most often come from those who came to Germany over the age of 50 years. And it turned out to be one of the most difficult tests preventing entry into German society, since without knowledge of the language of integration can not be. What is the reason? Our respondents were asked:
Anna (62) “I am already here for 8 years, all the political events in Russia are of little interest to me.” I speak German at a domestic level, we have absolutely no one to communicate with in German .I would rather watch an interesting cognitive program, concert or feature film on Russian channels . “.
Woldemar (51) “I believe that the” Russians “, including ethnic Germans, do not know German precisely because of Russian TV and Russian-language newspapers, we need to watch German TV and read German newspapers more, otherwise you will never understand the language.”
The surveys of immigrants and Jewish immigrants showed a full range of opinions on the perception of life in Germany. The answers to the questions: “Do you like living in Germany?” And “What problems do you experience here?” Can be divided into several groups. For some, the biggest problem is the non-recognition of their diplomas and qualifications, from which they “lost their face”. For others, the problem is in the perception of the Western world and the way of life (strict order, cold indifferent attitudes, non-acceptance of some forms of behavior of young people (drink beer from bottles everywhere, do not give way in transport, loudly talk, laugh, many very casually dress, etc.) The third category of people were very pleased with their move: they finally had the opportunity to take care of their health, which they could not afford in their former homeland, because they worked very hard. Izenave that perception of life depends on the nature and the ability to look at everything positively. And as you know, that dream unrealized and unfulfilled hopes are always an additional source of negative emotions, dissatisfaction, “grumbling” and whining, which ultimately hinders integration.
I quote some of the opinions of the respondents.
Arkady (62) “I can not get used to this life, to the native Germans around me. Another people, other customs. Even toasts they do not pronounce, they say “Simple” and that’s it. They are very polite, but not as sincere as people from the former Union. ”
Dmitry (56): “I suddenly feel depression, longing for the respect of colleagues, bosses, even my wife and children who knew that I was a” payer “of money.” What now? Without work and without language, I really “nobody” even my grandchildren are “guides” ”
“My life was very successful. I got a good education in Russia, married for love. When the time came, he opened his own business. Business went successfully, but everything has its time. My wife had the opportunity to emigrate to Germany, I was already 32. After 8 years, I opened my business in gaming machines, and everything again went well. We do not have any difficulties with the language: both I and my wife know German. Of course, you have to work hard here, you need to adapt to a different mentality, different rules, more orderly, doing business, but I’m still happy with life. However, I always needed to achieve something in order to feel happy to the fullest, and I constantly work on this, even now, despite the crisis. ”
Among us there are people who believe that Germany is indebted to us. Where does this come from? The settlers returned to their homeland of their ancestors and wanted to live in a paradise country, about which parents, grandparents talked about. The Jews went to Germany and among them there are those who believe that their ancestors were victims of war and the Holocaust. Quite often one can hear the phrase from both of them: “They invited us here, they owe us” This is often taken from our Soviet past. There is a clear remnant of Soviet demagoguery: the state is obliged to us. Our people often do not take into account the fact that in Germany there is social support for a person, social benefits, decent medicine and medical insurance, but in life a person must make his way and choose his own way of life.
Some of our compatriots turn into eternal “whiners”, finding different reasons for this and complaining about the unsuccessful immigration, up to the desire to return back. People of retirement age complain that it has become much harder to live: for some medicines you need to pay extra, many procedures have become paid, some privileges have been eliminated (for example, surcharges to diabetics, etc.), pensions earned in Russia are now calculated by counting them income, etc. But after all, each of us at one time made a conscious choice and wanted to live in the West in a free country, to travel the world. It’s no secret that many have significantly improved their financial situation and housing conditions, but the fact that Germany’s social security system has failed, so there are objective reasons for this.
Stanislav (62): “Almost all of us live in the Russian” ghetto “, we communicate with each other and only in Russian (where to learn German here!). The furniture we got used, the indigenous people do not perceive us, we are mocked by our grandchildren because of the accent and peers do not accept them, they talk scornfully with us in various German institutions, because we are at the last stage of society as “social workers” or people who receive basic security in old age “.
Surprisingly, some people, far from being pensioners who are on a full social subsidy of the state, openly mock the existing local orders, consider the Germans to be stupid and simpletons. The press described the case when “our man”, under the pressure of his wife and mother-in-law, came to the “social” to ask for an additional amount for a benefit for the purchase of “Viagra” (he was given money) or as a migrant managed to drink expensive cognac in the supermarket, he left the bottle in garbage basket and walked freely past the controllers, feeling like a hero. From the involuntarily heard conversation between the two men: “I do not like, although I have to, go to Ausidler companies, there are endless conversations about the same thing as they do not have enough unemployment benefits for their lives.” And they also boast of their “exploits”, like cheated innocent Germans ”
Nostalgia can be expressed in a positive attitude towards the past. Such a phenomenon can relate, as well as to memories of one’s own youth, and memories of all manifestations of the past. Often nostalgia is caused, as it is said in the Internet encyclopedia “Wikipedia”, by comparison of the present and the past state of one’s life. People of the older generation, recalling the past, often experience longing for their former homeland, the old culture, customs, etc., considering that they feel nostalgic. However, this is not at all a feeling of nostalgia, but first of all longing for youth, first love, the birth of first-borns, etc. Today nostalgia as a feeling of excruciating homesickness that can not be quenched, in fact, has come to naught – a person has all the conditions for return back. That’s why some began to “toss”, not knowing what decision to come to. The law on re-emigration resolves the issues of free return to their former homeland. But a person must make a choice: if he can not adapt here, if he does not feel the joy of being in the country, then maybe he should go back. But only who guarantees that there will be good?
The German and Russian-speaking media note that the life of German communities and Jewish communities in German cities, which in the 1980s numbered several hundred people, mostly elderly people, was revived thanks to the influx of Russian-speaking migrants.,32258460,00.html.
I talk with a former employee of the Ministry, who has worked in the same industry for more than 40 years.
“I think that when moving to another country – the best that a person can do for themselves – is to perceive everything that happens with him positively, get rid of the habit of grumbling and seeing around him a negative, and also try not to envy anyone. It is very important to find some hobby. ”
Numerous publications in Russian-language media indicate that in almost all German cities the cultural life of pensioners is very rich and a number of events are even supported by the city authorities.
For example, in Hanover, the community of Russian Germans is actively working, which conducts a cultural program and various social events. The Cultural and Educational Society “Znanie” organizes extensive lecture work and meetings on interests; the plans of the Tolstoy Society include musical evenings and the work of a “theater lounge”, a film club, a library, excursions to various cities of Germany. The Hanover branch of the society “St. Petersburg” holds literary meetings, lectures on the architecture of St. Petersburg, musical evenings. In the integration center “Karha”, in order to quickly integrate older people, computer literacy courses were specially created.
Ilsa (68): “I am very happy with life in Germany. She used to be a teacher and was always at school. My children study here and work. I find pleasure in helping them, I sit with my grandchildren, I cook meals. A week ago I had a grandson. I have never been so happy. ”
Edward (65): “My son gave me a computer. I got an interest, and I attend computer courses. I even stopped watching Russian television. So I’m quite happy with life, although I am retired. My wife even calls me a “computer addict”, but I’m very interested in learning everything new ”
Yuri (70): “For several years I collect owls. You can not imagine what a variety of owls exist; from wood, metal, glass and other materials. Attached to collecting his grandson. We visit with him different flomartkty. I study all the materials on these wise birds and find it a pleasure. ”
As we see, situations that make our life joyful, a great many, most importantly, to learn this feeling. There is only one way out: to accept your life as it is in the present period, to love life, to enjoy every day you have lived, to enjoy yourself and to please your loved ones.

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