CITIZENSHIP OF NORWAY.
Every year the countries of Northern Europe, including Norway, attract more and more migrants from different parts of the world. Starting with the regions covered by military conflicts (Middle East), ending with quite stable and developed states (USA, Western Europe). Many immigrants expect to stay in the country for a long enough period to eventually obtain Norwegian citizenship.
People can be understood. Norway is one of the most prosperous countries in the world, with high incomes and social security. Unlike many European educational institutions, Norwegian universities provide free higher education, including for foreigners. A thriving market economy is associated with rich natural resources, in particular, oil and gas.
A large number of Russians, Ukrainians and other citizens of the post-Soviet space are quite successful in finding work in Norway, especially on oil platforms and fish factories. Many even manage to open their own business. All this undoubtedly increases the chances of obtaining Norwegian citizenship. However, it is worth highlighting several points, which to some extent restrain the number of those wishing to issue a Norwegian passport.
Unlike its Scandinavian neighbors, Finland and Sweden, Norway is prohibited from having dual citizenship. Of course this is a minus. Especially for residents of countries in which there is no such norm. For example, for citizens of the Russian Federation. The second point is a rather tough test for knowledge of the Norwegian language and basic information about Norway. Not all immigrants, even after a long stay in the country, are ready to pass this test.
According to statistics, annually no more than 5% of foreigners who have the right to apply for Norwegian citizenship, that is, have lived in the country for more than 7 years, take advantage of this opportunity. In any case, if there is a strong desire to connect your future with this amazing country, then the time for learning the language is quite enough. Next, let’s talk about ways and requirements for foreigners, including Russians and Ukrainians, to obtain Norwegian citizenship in 2018.
How to obtain Norwegian citizenship.
The basic rules governing the registration of the Norwegian passport are prescribed in the local law “On Citizenship”. The rights and obligations arising from the receipt of the document are specified in other regulatory enactments. An application for Norwegian citizenship is submitted through a special UDI website.
First of all, any child, regardless of the country of birth, if one of the parents has a Norwegian passport, automatically receives Norwegian citizenship. In addition, for residents of some countries the conditions may differ. For example, for citizens of Scandinavian countries, the process is simplified. In other cases it is necessary to undergo a certain procedure known as naturalization.
Norwegian citizenship by naturalization.
To apply for naturalization by naturalization, an alien must have a residence permit in Norway. Moreover, the document must act during the entire period of consideration of the petition. Further, the candidate has the following requirements:
The presence of a document confirming the identity, as a rule – a civil passport. The exception can be refugees from regions where military actions are being carried out or persons who, for reasons beyond their control, can not restore the passport in their country. In this case, another document is allowed for identification.
Have a permanent residence permit or fulfill the requirements allowing to issue this document. The main conditions here are residence in Norway for 3 years with a residence permit, the absence of criminal convictions and the passage of language courses (see paragraph 3). In addition, the candidate must have a strong desire to continue to be in the territory of this country.
Persons between the ages of 18 and 55 must undergo special courses to study the Norwegian language. Usually the period of study is 300 hours. Foreigners who are educated in Norwegian in one of the local universities and holders of a certificate that testify to sufficient language skills are exempt from the course.
If the person has a previous conviction, serious administrative fines or is under investigation, depending on the gravity of the crime or the prison term, the period of granting citizenship can be postponed from 2 to 34 years and 6 months.
Renunciation of previous citizenship. It is formalized only if the laws of the home country do not provide for the automatic cancellation of the document. With a few exceptions, it is permitted not to. The reason may be war, political persecution, the length of the procedure (more than a year), the denial of citizenship and other compelling circumstances.
The period of a continuous stay in Norway must be at least 7 years from the last 10. This includes the residence permit issued for a period of at least 1 year. Sometimes this rule can be excluded, for example, in case of family reunion or professional activity. Being outside Norway for more than 2 months during the year is not included in the period of continuous stay.
The period of permanent residence in Norway is reduced for the following categories:
up to 5 years if a child aged 12 to 18 applies independently, regardless of the citizenship of the parents; up to 3 years, in the case of a marriage with a Norwegian citizen; up to 2 years, for under-age citizens (under the age of 18), if one of the parents has a Norwegian passport;
In 2018, the cost of registering Norwegian citizenship is 3,700 Norwegian kroner (about 380 euros). Persons under 18 years of age are exempt from payment.
CITIZENSHIP OF NORWAY.