Geogmaster Great geography.
Recreation and tourism today have turned into the most profitable branches of the world economy.
Foreign Europe as a region of labor migration of the population.
THE MAIN COUNTRIES OF IMMIGRATION IN WESTERN EUROPE IN 2005
Immigration indicators relating to individual countries in Western Europe are shown in Table 8.
In addition, from 100 thousand to 500 thousand foreigners live in Austria, Denmark, Norway, Spain, Luxembourg. Their share in the labor force is particularly high in Luxembourg (33%), Switzerland, the Netherlands and Belgium (18-20%), Germany and Austria (about 10%).
Main migration flows.
within Western Europe are shown in Figure 14. On its basis, the states of the region can be divided into two large groups: 1) countries of primary emigration and 2) countries of preferential immigration.
For a long time the countries of emigration included the states of Southern Europe-Italy, Spain, Portugal, countries on the territory of the former SFRY, Albania, Greece, which, in the first of the above-mentioned stages, provided the bulk of labor migrants, but in the 1990s. this their function has actually come to naught. From the Nordic countries this group includes Ireland and Finland. Labor migrant flows to Western Europe were also directed from North Africa and from almost all subregions of Asia. And in terms of the total number of such migrants, Turkey, the countries on the territory of the former Yugoslavia, Italy, Spain, Portugal, Algeria were ahead. Some of them, for example, countries in the territory of the former SFRY, were characterized by a particularly strong diversification (fragmentation) of emigration flows (Figure 15). And this is not to mention the fact that in the 1990s, after the armed conflicts in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and later in Serbia with the former SFRY, the largest movements of migrants in Europe probably occurred during the entire period after the end of World War II war.
The main flows of external migration in Western Europe after the Second World War (according to Yu. N. Matveev)
Flows of migrants from countries located in the territory of the former SFRY.
The countries of immigration, as follows from the analysis of Figure 14 and Table 8, primarily include the states located in the western and northern parts of Europe. Each of them has its own “sphere of attraction” for migrants. Thus, among the labor migrants in Germany, most are immigrants from Turkey and countries located in the territory of the former SFRY. Very large diasporas are also from other countries of the European Union – Italy, Greece, Spain, Portugal, Austria, the Netherlands. In France, quantitatively, immigrants from Portugal, Spain and Italy, as well as from Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia. In the UK, migrants from Ireland and overseas English-speaking countries predominate, in the Netherlands – in the first stage from Suriname and Indonesia, and then from the Mediterranean countries.
Geographically, the question of how foreign workers are distributed within individual host countries is of great interest. The analysis shows that for the most part they settle in the main industrial regions and large cities.
For example, in France, 37% of immigrants are concentrated in Greater Paris, in Belgium 24% – in Brussels. In Germany, the bulk of migrants are concentrated in the four most industrialized lands: North Rhine-Westphalia, Baden-Wurttemberg, Bavaria and Hesse; in large cities, the share of foreign workers in the total number of employed is 20-25%. This is explained by the fact that “out-of-town” workers, who are in the majority of low qualifications, go primarily to industries such as construction, mining and metallurgy, enterprises with uniform conveyor production, and also work as cleaners for streets, premises, newspaper sellers , car washers, etc. For example, in France, “guest workers” account for 45% of all employed in the construction industry, about 40% employed in road construction, 25% in the automotive industry, in Belgium – half of the miners in in Switzerland – 40% of construction workers. In Luxembourg, “guest workers” mainly work at the metallurgical plants of the concern ARBED.
Publications by geography.
Petropavsky Kamchatka is a city and port in the Russian Far East, the administrative center of the Kamchatka Territory (until July 1, 2007 – the Kamchatka Region). The population is 194,431 people (2010). The distance is about.
The Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) is a constituent entity of the Russian Federation, part of the Far Eastern Federal District, was established on April 27, 1922. With a high level of natural and resource economic potential. Hundred .
Geogmaster Great geography.