Germans-immigrants go from Germany to Russia.
According to statistics, in the past decade, at least 13,500 German immigrants returned from Germany to Russia. Correspondent Deutsche Welle met with a family of potential returnees.
In September 2008, the German government summed up the results of 20 years of work to receive ethnic Germans from Eastern Europe. According to figures quoted by German Chancellor Angela Merkel, since 1988 about three million Germans from Eastern Europe have arrived in Germany.
Chancellor Merkel at the conference “20 Years of Successful Policies for the Reception of Migrants”
Head of the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees Albert Schmid denied reports that Germany was allegedly seized by a wave of return of German immigrants to Russia. According to him, “in the period from 2000 to 2006, 218 thousand 708 immigrants arrived to Germany from Russia, 13 thousand 661 people returned to Russia.” There are no new official data, but they, in the opinion of experts, hardly differ much from those already available.
Nevertheless, the problem of the return of settlers exists. Besides, now those who move from Germany to Russia can count on support. In November 2008, Russia promulgated a program for the voluntary resettlement of compatriots living abroad. It provides social and tax benefits for returnees. In addition, the procedure for obtaining Russian citizenship has been simplified. The Brand family from Neuss, after learning about this program, decided to go to Russia – to the Kaliningrad region.
Without work, you are nobody, and you can not be called.
Vadim and Catherine Brandt (Brandt) came to Germany 15 years ago from Kazakhstan at the age of 20. Vadim worked as a welder at the Dzhambulskaya TPP. In Germany, he had to retrain to an auto mechanic. However, he never found a permanent job. For many years, Vadim is listed in the employment agency, which provides him only a temporary job.
In the waiting room at one of the labor exchanges.
The demand for temporary workers is now low. And in good times Vadim sat for weeks without work. In addition, and earnings in such agencies, according to German standards, are small. Vadim’s wife, a former typist secretary, became a housewife, raising two young daughters who were born in Germany. “Without a job in Germany, you’re nobody,” Vadim said. It was the lack of permanent work and the financial difficulties associated with this that prompted the family to return to Russia. But there are other reasons.
“With all my respect for the Germans, I could not accept their mentality,” Vadim said. “We are completely different.” According to Vadim, both former compatriots in Germany too have changed a lot, they may not say hello outside, they will pass by, pulling their heads in the shoulders.
“As far as I understand, the Germans have a different concept – mein Freund – different from ours.” True friendship, mutual assistance, as Vadim believes, is a rare phenomenon. The Germans, in his opinion, are mostly individualists, and everyone lives by himself. Friends among the local Germans Vadim for years of life in Germany and not acquired.
The eldest daughter speaks two languages, but it is better in Russian, because she was not taken to the kindergarten, she did not communicate with her peers. Parents decided that they should leave right now, while the children are small, otherwise they will go to a German school and forget the Russian language. “With a return, one snag is of a material nature,” complains Vadim’s wife, Ekaterina, “money is needed to move to Russia to pay for containers with property, for the first time there.” The family has no savings.
In Germany, being poor is worse than in Russia.
Vadim can not understand the intractability of German officials and criticizes the inflexibility of the mechanisms of the social system. He asks why Germany is willing to pay families like his benefits for years, supporting, in his words, poverty, but does not agree to pay for a return to Russia? He is sure that as a lift it would be enough for a social benefit for six months. But the department for social affairs in Noyce, where he applied for such a request, refused to support, referring to the laws. “It’s a paradox, but it’s more profitable for the city to support us than to get rid of us,” Vadim shrugs.
A lot of Russian Germans live in Svetlogorsk, Kaliningrad region.
He and his wife Catherine are convinced that they will be more costly for the German taxpayers if they stay in Germany. There was a hope for Russia. But at the consulate in Bonn, Vadim was informed that with “raising money” it is necessary to negotiate with the authorities of the Kaliningrad region already upon arrival. But the consulate was encouraged by the granting of citizenship for his wife. Vadim managed to get a Russian passport in Vorkuta before moving to Kazakhstan, and it’s easier to restore his citizenship. But Ekaterina had only a Kazakhstan passport. True, the application for citizenship has already gone to Russia, you just have to be patient in anticipation of a positive decision.
Do not frighten the family of the unknown? After all, there is no guarantee that work is waiting for them in the Kaliningrad region, and many people have only to dream of “social benefits”, like in Germany. But Vadim also had an answer to this: “Everything should be seen in comparison: those who are considered poor in Germany in Russia, it seems to me, is something like an average stratum, where most people are poor, but they live normally – they have a subsidiary farm, they do not depend on social assistance, but they do not go hungry, as long as our health allows us, we will feed ourselves and our children. ”
Vadim has ideas on how to arrange a life in the Kaliningrad region. Moscow, too, was not immediately built. This saying Vadim recalls, talking about his plans.
The Kaliningrad region is interested in builders and artisans.
“My life in Germany has not been in vain, I learned a lot here and do not shy away from work, I’ll try to organize my business.” I’ll go to the Kaliningrad region with two welding machines, I think that’s enough for the beginning, and then we’ll see, “Vadim calms himself.
Ten years Vadim did not leave Germany, his relatives said: here you go there to visit, and nostalgia as a hand will remove. Vadim went to his friends in the Tver region. Right there, by his own admission, he was ready to take the German passport and stay, if not for the family in Neuss. With a heavy heart, he returned to Germany. Russian people are rude, he thinks, but they are much more sincere than the Germans.
“Even my relatives have become so numb,” Vadim said, adding that finding a common language is more difficult. “A Russian person does not hide emotions, everything is written on his face. It’s easier for me to live with such people, “concludes Vadim Brandt.
German experience with immigrants: twenty-year results.
The German government celebrates the twentieth anniversary of the Office for Migrants and National Minorities. (25.09.2008)
German politician: Germany will continue to support the Germans in the CIS.
The German government’s authorized representative for resettlement talks about the support of ethnic Germans in the CIS countries. (23.09.2008)
Schaeuble: The settlers from the CIS are not yet fully integrated into the German society.
Minister of Internal Affairs of Germany Schaeuble as a whole considers successful integration of 3 million immigrants in Germany. They have problems in connection with insufficient knowledge of the German language and difficulties with the recognition of diplomas. (04.09.2008)
Germany will continue to help ethnic Germans abroad.
The conference “20 Years of Policies for Migrants and National Minorities” opened in Berlin. (04.09.2008)
Date 21.08.2009 Topics Demographics, Federal Statistical Office Keywords Resellers, homecoming, statistics, integration, Merkel, emigrants, Russian Germans Share SendFacebookTwitterGoogle + More … WhatsappTumblrVkontakteLivejournalMailMy circleOnnoklassnikiTelegram Print this page Permanent link http://p.dw.com / p / JFjD.
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Germans-immigrants go from Germany to Russia.