How to move from Belarus to Luxembourg: the Belarusian about life in one of the smallest countries in the world.

How to move from Belarus to Luxembourg: the Belarusian about life in one of the smallest countries in the world.
Grand Duchy of Luxembourg & mdash; one of the smallest states not only in Europe but also in the world. Its area is only 2600 square meters. km, and the population is a little over half a million people. However, this is the case when the size does not matter.
The twenty-seven-year-old Belarusian Natalia Ermakova-Tsyupa moved to Luxembourg with her husband and daughter quite recently, but has already grown to love this country. For what? Read in our material.
The beginning of my immigration history was laid in 2012, when, after marrying a Ukrainian, I moved from Minsk to Kiev. Worked as an affiliate manager in one large Ukrainian IT company & mdash; a specialist with a wide range of functional duties, simultaneously acting as a marketer, PR manager and client manager.
Some time later, I received two proposals for work at the same position: from Malta and from Luxembourg. In my case, the scales bowed toward the second option.
In truth, my husband and I used to think about moving to Western Europe. There were several reasons for this. First, I wanted to travel more often and make this process more accessible in terms of time and material costs. Secondly, we consider it important that our little daughter has the opportunity to learn European languages, being directly in the language environment. And, thirdly, the husband is fond of photography, so he has a “bonus” & raquo; there would be new locations for filming.
And for the past year we have been living in the very picturesque town of Echternach, which has only about five thousand inhabitants and, founded in the 7th century, is considered the oldest city in Luxembourg.
First, on the basis of a working visa, I obtained a residence permit for a period of one year. And recently it was extended for another three years with the right to all social benefits and benefits. The citizenship of Luxembourg can be obtained after five years of residence in the country. Naturally, all this time the potential applicant should be here legally and pay taxes. By the way, the level of income tax in this country (contrary to stereotypes) is high enough, but as regards holdings & mdash; for them there are really created the most comfortable conditions.
Nevertheless, ordinary citizens can not complain. Speaking about specific figures, for us, people from the post-Soviet countries, it seems “unrealistic” The minimum wage in Luxembourg, which is 2000 euros, while in Belarus it is almost 20 (!) times less.
Yes, indeed, the products are more expensive: bread costs 1 & min; 3 euro, a liter of milk & mdash; about 1 euro, but, say, pork & mdash; 8 min 12 euro. But, on the other hand, the inhabitants of Luxembourg (and we are not an exception) often go for food to neighboring Germany, where prices are two times lower. There, having spent 60; 80 euro, you can load the trunk of the meal.
Rental housing in Luxembourg is quite expensive, but prices vary depending on the city. For example, in the capital, a studio apartment (30- 35 sq. M.) Will cost about 1000 euros. In Ashternach we are renting a two-level apartment of 80 square meters for this amount. m.
As for medical services, 80% of the cost of the doctor’s services is returned on the social security card. This also applies to my husband and daughter. In addition, you can additionally apply for private insurance (in my case, the employer does this), which covers the remaining 20%. Recently I had to go to see a doctor. The cost of the visit and the minimum examination were 60 euros. Thanks to insurance, I returned the full amount.
While in our family I work only. The husband looks after his daughter, who is two and a half years old. Now we are just doing it in the kindergarten. By the way, kindergartens in Luxembourg are divided into public and private. There are no fundamental differences between them. Simply state-funded by budgetary funds and supervised by city authorities, and private & mdash; are created on an individual initiative. All of them are perfectly equipped, the number of children does not exceed 8 min 10 people in the group.
At the same time, they will have to pay for both. But most of the costs are compensated by the state, and the amount of the remaining part depends on the amount of income per family. The principle operates: the more you earn, the more you pay. Say, if the income for a family is about 2000 & mdash; 2500 euros, the fee will not exceed 100 euros, but if in total the family members earn 15 & 0005; 000 & mdash; 20 & thinsp; 000 euros, you will have to pay about 1000 euros.
Generally, in Luxembourg very early children are sent to the gardens. An average of six months & mdash; year. First of all it is connected with the period of paid maternity leave. At the request of the parents, it is either half a year (in this case, the childcare allowance is paid in the amount of 100% of the salary) or a year (with payments at the rate of 80% of the salary). After a year, the second parent can go on to the decree for another six months & mdash; Here it is welcomed when the maternity leave is shared by the mother and father of the baby. And one more interesting point: when a child goes to school or even before the beginning of his studies, one of the parents also has the right to take from 3 to 6 months of paid leave to help a small schoolboy adapt to a new stage of his life.
By the way, compulsory education here begins at the pre-school stage. From the age of 4, children must visit the so-called Spillschouls & mdash; in translation from the Luxembourgish & laquo; game schools & raquo ;. The main purpose of such institutions is & mdash; develop sensory skills, introduce the kids to the basics of mathematics and the Luxembourgish language, which is a conglomerate & raquo; French and German. Incidentally, I note that all of the above languages have the status of state. So here it is perfectly normal to start pronouncing the phrase in one language, continue to & mdash; on the other, and finish & mdash; on the third. And yet the language barrier is still present to me, despite the fact that I got a diploma from Minsk injaz, I studied English and Italian at the university. In fairness, I must say that almost everyone speaks English, but for greater freedom of communication I also teach French.
Most of all on arrival I was struck by an unprecedented, just-fabulous silence. Everything is so orderly and unhurried. On the other hand, I, as a person who is used to living in large cities, sometimes lack “motion” & raquo ;. Entertainment is really little. They need to go to neighboring countries behind them & mdash; benefit is near.
In general, a hike in a club-sized Luxembourgers, rather, will prefer tracking (pedestrian tourism. Author’s note), which is especially popular in winter, when you can enjoy magnificent scenery from the height of the next hill while sipping hot mulled wine. Luxembourg & mdash; an incredibly beautiful country. There are a lot of wonderful old castles, which are definitely worth a visit. And all of them are framed by breathtaking nature.
In the season Luxembourgers also like to go to the ski resorts in France or Belgium. By the way, speaking about the resorts, I can not fail to mention that in Luxembourg there is the city of Mondorf-les-Bains, widely known for its SPA-complexes.
I would also like to dispel the myth that Luxembourg is only a country of banks. In reality, banks are concentrated only in two districts of the capital, and the country as a whole is sufficiently agrarian oriented and represents a lot of small settlements with highly developed farming. Here there are their production, for example, meat and dairy products. They can hardly meet the needs of even their own population, but, nevertheless, Luxembourgers are rightly proud of the high level of organization of the agricultural sector.
The geographical position strongly influenced the mentality of Luxembourgers. They are a cross between the French and the Germans and say to themselves: “We are stylish, like the French, and organized like the Germans.” Otherwise, we would not have what we have & raquo ;. It’s very funny and touching how serious the inhabitants of this & laquo; small but proud & raquo; the country regards its role in the context of history. For example, if you asked them what was happening on this territory during World War II (in 1940 Luxemburg was quickly occupied by the Third Reich, they would respond that they courageously fought against fascism, although almost nothing in common with It does not have a reality & mdash; forces and opportunities to resist the country simply was not.
The locals are rather closed, but if you turn to them for help, they are always ready to provide it. Strictly speaking, the attitude towards immigrants (and there are about half of the population here) is very benevolent & mdash; to those, of course, who live here legally.
I can not say that I yearn for Belarus, rather, for people close to me & mdash; parents and sister. But I am always glad to come to Minsk. I notice how much better and more interesting he has become in recent times.
I’m not going to leave Luxembourg yet. It’s great here. True, sometimes there is a lack of communication outside the family and work. But, I think this is a matter of time.
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