On getting an education in Slovakia.
Education in Slovakia is becoming more popular among foreigners, including among Russian-speaking citizens. No country of the European Union provides such good conditions for study and residence for students who came from the former Soviet republics, like Slovakia. Not only a graduate of a school who recently received a certificate of secondary education, but also a person who already has a diploma issued by the university of his native country, can study at the country’s university.
System of Slovak education.
As in many countries, Slovakia has a multi-level educational system. First step & # 8212; preschool education. It includes a day nursery and a kindergarten. The nursery is designed for toddlers under the age of 3 years, and older children go to kindergarten. from 3 to 6 years.
In the country there are not only state kindergartens, but also private ones. If a child visits a state childcare institution, parents are charged a fee of 20 to 30 euros. For a private kindergarten, you have to pay a lot more & # 8212; from 250 to 300 euros. This difference is justified: in private institutions for children, much more classes are held than in public institutions.
Look in the video: pre-school education in Slovakia.
The next step is & # 8212; Primary school, in which students are trained for 9 years. Initial education is divided into 2 periods. First & # 8212; these are classes 1 to 4, that is, 4 academic years. And the second period is & # 8212; this is 5 years of study, classes from 5 to 9. Every citizen of the country is required to undergo training in the primary school of Slovakia.
Between these two periods differ in the technique of teaching. 4-year initial period & # 8212; this is 1 teacher, leading all subjects. Starting from the 5th grade, each subject is taught by a separate teacher.
Video: how the training is organized in the schools of Slovakia.
In secondary school in Slovakia (and this is the next stage of education), you can enter after the initial. For this it is necessary to pass the entrance exams, but sometimes the reception is carried out on a general score in the certificate of completion of primary school. Secondary education institutions are divided into several types. Among them:
general educational; specialized; gymnasium; vocational and technical.
The term of study in them is different & # 8212; from 4 to 5 years. You can enter the gymnasium after the end of the 4-year primary school period, but then you will not have to study for 4 years, but for 8 years.
In general educational establishments pupils receive classical school education. Those who graduate from them usually go to liberal arts institutions. Grammar schools are distinguished by the fact that they are taught 2 foreign languages and more. Here they pay special attention to linguistic knowledge. After the gymnasium, children often go to universities.
Vocational schools resemble Russian vocational schools. From here, specialists come out who can go to work on enterprises of the national economy. And in specialized educational institutions special knowledge is given in the field of music, singing, choreography, theatrical art.
The next level of the educational system higher education. After him, and go to Slovakia, Russian citizens.
Higher education in Slovakia.
Higher education in Slovakia can be obtained at different institutions of higher education & # 8212; in the country there are more than 30. They train specialists in various fields of activity. Training is conducted on educational programs of 3 levels. Provided and defense of dissertations. All the universities in Slovakia, including private ones, issue state-recognized diplomas.
For admission, you must pass the entrance examinations. Admitted to them those applicants who have the results of school examinations, reminiscent of the Russian EGE. If an applicant has come from Russia, then he should present a certificate of graduation at home and the results of the exam. But these documents must be confirmed in the Ministry of Education. Each university itself determines the amount of entrance examinations.
Look in the video: how to enroll in a university in Slovakia.
Any institute or university of the country prepares specialists of the following levels:
In order to become a bachelor, it is necessary to study for 3 years. After receiving a bachelor’s degree, you can qualify for the title of Master, but you will have to study 1-3 years in addition. And to get a doctor’s degree, you should study 3-4 years. The doctor’s degree corresponds to the American PhD degree.
The knowledge obtained in the university is confirmed by exams and tests, not only theoretical but also practical.
They are held in June. And from January to May, testing is conducted, revealing especially talented students. The complexity of the exams depends on the student’s chosen study program.
In schools, teaching is conducted in the Slovak language, and in universities, priority is given to foreign languages, usually English. But training in Slovakia is conducted in other languages, for example in French.
Citizens of the country do not pay for higher education, but only for what is conducted in the Slovak language. Free of charge can be learned by EU citizens or permanently residing in them. But for them the condition of instruction in the official language of the country is preserved.
All other foreign citizens are required to pay for their studies. The annual cost in universities is different & # 8212; from 700 to 10 thousand euros.
There are more than 10 universities in the country that are very popular. Among them, “# 8212; University of Economics in Bratislava, University of Constantine the Philosopher and University of Agriculture, located in Nitra.
Requirements for foreign citizens wishing to enter the university of Slovakia.
A mandatory requirement for a foreign citizen wishing to become a student of a Slovak university is the knowledge of the Slovak language. But for those who are fluent in English, study is allowed.
To confirm knowledge of the Slovak language, you must obtain the appropriate certificate. This can be done by training on paid specialized annual courses. But only those who are accredited by the Ministry of Education of the country should be selected.
The application for admission is accompanied by the following documents:
birth certificate; copy of passport & # 8212; the page where the personal data is stored; a photograph measuring 35×40 mm; a copy of the certificate of education that was received at home; if you have a diploma & # 8212; copies of applications; a document showing that the Ministry of Education of Slovakia recognized a diploma or a certificate obtained at home; recommendation from an educational institution that issued a certificate or diploma; autobiography, certified by own signature; health certificate.
All documents must be accompanied by copies certified by a notary and translated into Slovak. Translation must be performed by a qualified translator.
The university reserves the right to request other documents.
For foreign students, the state annually allocates certain amounts for grants and grants. But they can be obtained only by citizens of the partner countries of Slovakia. Russia is not among them.
For legal residence in the country, foreigners who have not arrived from the EU countries, it is necessary to obtain a student visa at home. For Russians, there is a simplified version for obtaining it. It is done within 10 working days.
Accommodation of foreign students in Slovakia.
Many universities in the country have their own hostels. Accommodation in them is standard & # 8212; for 2-3 people in the room. The kitchen and the bathroom are located on the floor and are common to all residents. Almost all student hostels have everything you need for a comfortable stay, including swimming pools, sports centers and much more. But there is not enough room for them all.
Look in the video: where students live and work in Slovakia.
But do not get upset, because there is still another option of living & # 8212; flat rent. The cost of housing is about 250 to 300 euros per person. And for a place in the hostel you have to pay about 200 euros. Young people often unite and rent an apartment together.
The cost of food depends on the city in which the institution is located, as well as on the needs of the student himself. You can eat in canteens, which are available at all educational institutions. The coupon’s cost per day is up to 50 Slovak crowns. It is more profitable to prepare food on your own, buying food in stores.
At the universities of the country there are many courses that students can attend. They can acquire additional knowledge, for example, to study any foreign language. There is a program in the country that helps to find work for graduates.
Studying in Slovakia for Russian citizens has many advantages. It is especially important that the diplomas issued by the universities of the country are recognized in many countries of the world. If the future will have to find employment, for example in the US or any EU country, then it will not be necessary to confirm such a diploma.
The plus is that students are issued a residence permit, which also allows them to work in the companies of the country. And work helps students well. Having earnings, the student not only covers the expenses related to accommodation and meals, but also can attend various events and even travel.
We advise you to see: how to get a study permit in Slovakia.
The low cost of products and services (compared to other European countries) & # 8212; another plus. On average, the student lives from 250 to 300 euros a month, including the cost of living in a hostel. And this is much less than would have to be spent studying in any other EU country. Find a job in Slovakia after graduating from this country’s university will be much easier. Many students who received higher education, then got a job and stayed in Slovakia for permanent residence.
On getting an education in Slovakia.