Residence permit (residence permit), permanent residence and citizenship of Bulgaria: through real estate, pensioners, other means.
The European Union continues to be a welcome place for immigration, and thousands of our compatriots annually rush to a new place of residence in Europe. One of the most popular countries in this regard is Bulgaria. So what are the advantages of this state, so attractive to start a new life?
The main advantage of Bulgaria is its membership in the European Union and entry into the Schengen zone. Having a residence permit in Bulgaria, a foreign citizen can receive short-term visas to the Schengen countries (and these are 26 European countries) in an accelerated manner. And when you apply for permanent residence, a foreigner has the right to move between these countries in a visa-free regime.
The second advantage is low prices. It is not a secret to anyone that Bulgaria has not only relatively inexpensive real estate (for example, in comparison with Moscow), but also the cost of living in general. Also in Bulgaria, the lowest tax on personal income is 10%. And this rate is the same for both citizens and visitors.
The third point is the absence of a language barrier. Most of the locals understand the Russian language very well. In addition, many schools are learning Russian as an additional language. Bulgarian itself is very similar to Russian, and it is not difficult to learn it.
Close proximity of Bulgaria will be another significant advantage for Russians.
And finally, the last and important point. Bulgaria is a unique country with picturesque nature. There are amazing landscapes, an abundance of architectural monuments, and excellent sea resorts. Also here, close attention is paid to health improvement, and in the country there are more than 2000 mineral springs and a lot of balneological sanatoria.
Obtaining residence permit.
For legal residence in the country you need a residence permit, which in Bulgaria is officially called a long-stay permit (residence permit). The document is issued for 12 months, and then it is required to extend the residence permit every year for 5 years.
At the expiration of a five-year period of residence in a country with a residence permit, a foreign citizen can apply for permanent residence. After another five years of being in the status of permanent residence, it is possible to obtain Bulgarian citizenship.
The basis for obtaining residence permit Bulgaria.
Foreign citizens have the right to apply for a residence permit in the following cases:
The applicant has close family ties with the citizens of Bulgaria and he can document this document (residence permit by origin); Marriage with a Bulgarian citizen; The opening of a representative office in Bulgaria (a good option for people who have no relatives in the country, this is the so-called business immigration). When obtaining residence permit for a representative office, there is a mandatory condition – the creation of at least 10 jobs for Bulgarian citizens; The applicant plans to enter long-term care in the country’s medical facility; There is a high pension, which is paid by another state or other non-state fund (residence permit for pensioners). It will be necessary to provide a document from the Pension Fund of Russia, which confirms pension provision or a certificate from another non-state fund; Labor activity (the applicant has a labor contract with one of the Bulgarian companies); Obtaining education in the educational institutions of Bulgaria (for confirmation, you will need a contract with the university); When buying real estate in Bulgaria for more than 600 000 leva (1 lev.
25 rubles). In this case, it is not necessary to purchase only one object, you can buy several, but their total value must correspond to the specified limit (documentation required to confirm the purchase will be required); Through investments in a commercial organization in the amount of more than 250 000 leva; Conducting private practice (subject to appropriate authorization).
I would like to note that it is quite easy for pensioners to get a residence permit in Bulgaria. This is due to the fact that pensions in this country are much lower than state support in Russia. And a Russian pensioner who has issued a Bulgarian residence permit will be able to receive a pension in Bulgaria.
The procedure for obtaining residence permit in Bulgaria.
Stage 1 – visa application D.
At the initial stage, you will need to issue a D-document visa, which will allow you to come to the country directly for obtaining residence permit. The visa is issued in the Bulgarian representative office. In Russia they are in Moscow, St. Petersburg and in a number of other cities. It is worth emphasizing that an indispensable condition for the design of residence permits is the availability of a visa document of the type D, which can only be obtained outside of Bulgaria. This visa is issued for a period of 180 days and is multiple, that is, you can enter or leave Bulgaria at any time, as many times as you like. When you get a visa, you will have to pay a consular and service fee (in case of urgent registration – 4000 rubles). Documents for issuing a visa D are submitted solely by the applicant personally.
Note: the documents that are submitted for the registration of the visa D are practically the same as those that are submitted for residence permit.
More details about the design of the types D and the required documents can be found on the website of the Bulgarian Embassy in Russia: h ttp: //www.mfa.bg/embassies/russia/ll/838/index.html.
Stage 2 – address registration.
Even after receiving a visa D, a Russian can cross the borders of Bulgaria. Now the first thing to do is pass through the address registration in the Migration Service. It must be done within 5 calendar days from the moment of arrival. The procedure itself passes quickly, and consists in completing the registration form in two copies.
Stage 3 – preparation of documentation.
To obtain residence permit you will need to prepare a number of documents. At the same time, they can be divided into:
Documents confirming the grounds for obtaining residence permit; The general documentation that each applicant must provide.
General documents include:
Fully completed application. One standard passport photo. Passport, a copy of his first page and a spread with a note on the receipt of a visa D. The validity of the passport must be six months more than the planned stay in the country. That is, when applying for a residence permit for 12 months, the passport must be valid for more than 1.5 years, and taking into account the time required to obtain a visa D, it is recommended to have a document with a term of more than 2 years. A copy certified by a notary, a long-term lease agreement or a notarized copy of the certificate of ownership. Certificate of criminal record. Its term should not exceed six months. An inquiry from a Bulgarian bank in which a personal account with a sufficient amount of money is opened in the name of the applicant. At the same time for pensioners, the amount that corresponds to the minimum pension in Bulgaria is set (for 2017 – 161 leva), multiplied by 12 months. And for foreigners who are not pensioners, this amount will be the minimum wage in Bulgaria (420 levs), multiplied by 12 months. The period of the bank certificate should not exceed 1 month. The medical insurance in the territory of Bulgaria with a coverage of 60 000 levs.
All submitted documentation must have a translation certified by an accredited specialist.
Step 4 – Submit the application.
It is necessary to prepare all the documents for the residence permit from the above list, as well as documents that confirm the grounds for obtaining residence permit, and transfer them to the Migration Service. The time for making a decision is 14 days, but it can be extended for another 30 days. The fee for processing the application is 10 levs.
If the decision is positive, the applicant also pays an additional fee of BGN 500 for the year in Bulgaria and an application is made for the registration of a foreigner’s Personal Card, for which, depending on the term of manufacture, it is necessary to pay 45-225 levs. The procedure for obtaining residence permit in Bulgaria can be considered complete after the foreign citizen is given out to the hands of the Personal card.
But a year later the procedure will be repeated, albeit in a slightly simplified version. After all, the same documents will be used, which at the initial application.
Video: specialist on the procedure for obtaining a Bulgarian residence permit.
Obtaining the status of permanent residence.
After five years of legal residence in Bulgaria with a residence permit, a foreigner has the right to qualify for permanent residence status, which can be of two types: long-term stay (DVR) and permanent residence (STL), slightly different from each other.
The DWR allows to obtain a similar status in the states of the European Union. For its registration, an important condition must be met: one can not be absent outside Bulgaria for more than 6 months and a total of more than 10 months for all 5 years. The UWW does not allow obtaining a similar status in the EU countries, but it can be absent in the territory of the country for up to 30 months for all 5 years that are compulsory for living.
The status of permanent residence practically equates the rights of foreigners and citizens of Bulgaria.
Obtaining Bulgarian citizenship.
After 5 years of residence in the status of DVZh or PVZh a person can obtain the citizenship of Bulgaria by naturalization. Also becoming a citizen of Bulgaria is possible:
At birth; In the presence of Bulgarian origin; In the case of a marriage with a Bulgarian citizen (the marriage must officially last more than two years); In the presence of a minor child – a Bulgarian citizen; When making investments in the economic branch of the state for an amount exceeding $ 500,000 (in the presence of a certificate of direct foreign investment); At birth in Bulgaria, but the loss of citizenship (due to personal refusal or as a result of resettlement); With a permanent residence in the country, with the exception of getting an education in the universities of the state.
To obtain Bulgarian citizenship through naturalization, several conditions must be fulfilled:
The age of majority; There is a five-year status of the DVZh or PVZh; There is no previous conviction; Presence of legitimate sources of subsistence; Knowledge of the Bulgarian language; Absence of mental disorders and a number of diseases; Refusal of previous citizenship (in some cases, refusal is not needed, for example, EU citizens and spouses of Bulgarian citizens may not refuse to have citizenship).
Documents for citizenship.
A foreigner who claims to obtain citizenship is required to prepare a number of documents:
Copy of passport with notary certification; Four standard passport photos; Birth certificate; Copies of the certificate of birth of the matter (with notarization); Autobiography; Certificate of criminal record; Certificate from the medical institution; Receipt for payment of state fee; Documents confirming financial solvency; Information about relatives.
The package of documents together with the application for citizenship is submitted to the Commission on Citizenship in Bulgaria. Each document must have a translation and legalization. The application is considered within 2 months, after which the decision on refusal or assignment of citizenship is made. The result of the procedure is getting a passport of a Bulgarian citizen.
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Residence permit (residence permit), permanent residence and citizenship of Bulgaria: through real estate, pensioners, other means.