Russian emigration in Japan: from past to present.

Russian emigration in Japan: from past to present.
On Tuesday, May 22, 2012, in the Department of Japanese Culture & laquo; Japan Foundation & raquo; in VGBIL journalist, writer, columnist of the House of Russian Abroad him. A. Solzhenitsyna Natalia Kvalalin shared with the audience the results of her research in Japan during a two-month internship from the Japan Foundation & Fellowship For Intellectual Exchange & ndash; 2011 & raquo ;.
Natalia Andreevna is studying Russian emigration in Japan and presented a review of the history of this issue to listeners.
The inhabitants of Russia moved to Japan in four stages.
The first wave of emigration (1917-1921) occurred after the defeat of the White Army. Officially, 2,500 Russians were registered, but researchers suggest that in reality this figure is 4-5 thousand Russians.
Russian First wave did not imagine what awaits them, and were completely unprepared for living in Japanese reality.
The main places of residence of Russians were and remain the cities of Yokohama, Kobe, Nagasaki, Hakodate. (In the second half of the 20th century, Sapporo, Tokyo and its environs were added.)
During the Second wave (1923-1930), soldiers from the White Army moved to Japan, fleeing Soviet power. Unlike the First wave, the Russians of the Second wave were simple people, without special education. However, they were extremely enterprising and enterprising, which helped them not to stay at the broken trough, but even more so, to make a name for themselves. (Here we can recall the industrialist F.D. Morozov, also called the “father” of Japanese chocolate.)
In emigrtology, there is the notion of continuity of waves, but the lecturer stressed that in the case of Japan we can not talk about this phenomenon: emigrants from Russia to each wave were quite different in number, quality and purpose of leaving for Japan.
The third wave of emigration can be limited to a decade from 1940 to 1950. At this time, control over the movement of Russians across Japan was greatly tightened. There was a ban on residence in certain cities. A lot of Russians suffered during this period from spy mania. The result of such wartime measures and feelings of extreme insecurity was the Russians’ desire to obtain Soviet passports, which caused a split in the Russian emigre environment.
The last and so-called “modern wave” & raquo; covers the period from the late 1980s. and up to the present day, although its peak occurred in the late 1980’s – 1990’s. This & laquo; wave & raquo; is mainly represented by Russian scientists; wives of Japanese husbands who divorced and remained in Japan; and civil servants (embassy staff, consulates). The total number of Russian emigrants at present is more than 10 thousand people.
The number of Russians in Japan has increased many times since the first flow of emigrants, which indicates an improvement in relations between the two states. The self-perception of emigrants also changed: they began to treat Japan not only as a foreign place where they temporarily live, but as a place that they love and are ready to protect if necessary, which proved their active position soon after the tragedy of March 2011, when they created a portal in the network and placed reliable information about the earthquake and its consequences in three languages (Japanese, Russian, English). In addition, the Russians took an active part in the volunteer movement that provided assistance in the affected areas, and also addressed the world media with a request to stop the horror.
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