Those who traveled: Germany.
The life of Krasnoyarsk for the “bugrom”
The life of Krasnoyarsk for the “bugrom”
Stories about Krasnoyarsk residents who decided to change their life abruptly & mdash; go to another country, find work there, housing. In the summer of 2011, 21% of the population thought about emigration. For comparison, & mdash; Twenty years ago, those were only 5%. According to VTsIOM, a fifth of the population of Russia wishing to “dump” & raquo; & mdash; mostly highly educated young people.
Many people know them in Krasnoyarsk. Here they have relatives and friends. But they preferred to leave. Online conversation, 10 questions. Dmitry Shirokih, Krasnoyarsk & mdash; Passau.
Do I need to prepare for the move? Or impulsive decision & mdash; the only way to leave with a 100% probability?
You need to prepare: if only because there is a change of language. Without knowledge of it at first it will be very difficult. As for impulsiveness, I want to say that the closer the adoption of a fateful decision, the more you start to back off and look for reasons to delay this very adoption. In this case, you need to do as you planned, and there & mdash; come what may.
Our relocation is different from other stories & launchers & raquo ;. Because we left as ethnic Germans. This story began in the distant 2000, when the FRG took active part in the return of the departed citizens. Then my grandmother (ethnic German) and parents decided to file documents, just try it without any predictions and hopes. The papers were sent, and we continued to live in Krasnoyarsk.
You submit documents and just wait for ‘reaction’ & raquo ;. During the year, the agency receives an answer and an invitation to a language test for the person who submitted the application. My grandmother went to the Consulate of Germany in Novosibirsk and passed a test of knowledge of the German language, with a dialect to prove her origin. Then there was again the waiting phase. The final answer usually comes in 3-4 years (depending on the composition of the family). In our case, this happened 3 years after the filing of documents. During this time, I graduated from high school and studied for 2 years then at KSU. Moving (the way to the destination, transportation of necessary things) is paid by the resettler himself. As a rule, you need to come to the town of Friedland, where the largest reception center for emigrants from Russia and Eastern Europe is located in Germany. Upon arrival there begins a long, but rather fast bureaucratic process, at the end of which you are from the camp of the settlers & raquo; they are sent to a permanent place of residence wherever there is a place. What this means: Friedland is in the land of Lower Saxony, where in the first stage most of the settlers live. If a person wishes, for example, to live in Bavaria, then the agency looks at which cities in this land have free municipal housing (dormitories) and if everything is “merged”, then the migrant is sent there. Arrived in Fridland receive a certificate of a late settler, with whom you can go to the mayor’s office and issue a passport of a German citizen. The person is assigned the official status of the unemployed and a social allowance is assigned, here there are no differences from the native Germans. The migrants must pass a semi-annual language course, which is paid by the state. And how further life will develop, depends on the person, because, again, with the acquisition of German citizenship, he becomes one of 82 million people in Germany with their rights and responsibilities.
Moving abroad in your case & mdash; is it to go there? Or leave from here?
To go there. Most of this the older generation of my family wanted, but in the end it was useful only to me. And what did I understand for my long relocation? & Mdash; most importantly, do not turn back.
I think the answer to this question is not needed 🙂
The five biggest differences between Russia and your new country?
The law is one for all. Two small examples: if a German comes home late at night, when there are practically no cars on the roads, he will still stand on the red signal of the traffic light: both the driver and the pedestrian. If an official or a millionaire, in general, the status personality arrange an accident & mdash; he will answer before the law, like any other German citizen. Without bribes and other excuses. Purity. Careful attitude to everything that surrounds a person. There is no debris in either yards or parks. In Germany, asphalt also fails, and there are other minor communal emergency situations, but this is eliminated quite quickly. Ecology. The car will not be released from the assembly line into service until proper cleaning systems are installed on it. The same story with the factories and other large-scale production. Attitude to alcohol . The consumption of alcohol in Germany is very high. Along with water. Germans drink beer every day, but unlike Russians, they do not have the task of getting drunk to unconsciousness. And most importantly, the German, being drunk, behind the wheel, as a rule, will not sit down. In Germany, the car is valuable, a person must be mobile, because not everyone works and lives in the same city. If, after all, a fairly drunk police will stop, that immediately they take away the rights for two years plus the offender must pay a large fine. Development of sport. Both old and young are involved in sports. In Germany, there are all kinds of free sports sections for pensioners and children. The mere fact that a cycling system has been introduced in all major cities of Germany already incites many to take care of their health, and in the warmer months of the year to change cars to a more environmentally friendly and useful means of transportation.
Do you feel yourself a stranger in a new country?
No, I do not feel, since I mastered the language by 99%, the circle of friends over the years of residence here became practically German. There are several Russian friends with whom I maintain contact. When I moved, I specially read many books on the history of Germany, its traditions and customs, absorbed its new habitat, like a sponge. This helped me very much to assimilate.
Is it difficult to find work, housing?
Housing. I live in Passau & mdash; in the campus, where only 50 thousand people. It is not difficult to find a place to live here. One-room apartment with a good repair can be rented within 350 euros.
Employment. Find a decent high-paying job is possible only with the availability of a university diploma. Russian education is not generally quoted. Personally, after the transfer, despite the fact that I was studying four semesters at the university in Krasnoyarsk, I went back to the gymnasium (school) for two years to get a German certificate. That is, I lost several years.
Plus, when you get a job, they all decide the papers: “Show your diploma? & Raquo ;, & laquo; Show the certificate of completion of the refresher course? & Raquo ;. Of course, they solve the problems, not without it. If we talk about the level of salaries, in Germany the average monthly wage is highly variable depending on education and the scope of work. For example, a graduate with an economic education after graduation starts his career with an average salary of 35,000 euros a year (without deduction of tax and deductions, which can reach 46% in Germany).
Leaving Russia, with whom / whom was the hardest part to give up?
It’s all corny. With family and friends, with his sports club & laquo; Dynamo & raquo ;, where I was engaged in weightlifting.
The economy of your life in a new country: more / less salary, more / less spending. Is it easier to live in terms of money?
I left Krasnoyarsk at the age of 19, was a student and had no permanent income. Therefore, I can compare my life in Germany at the initial stage, and the way I live now. I recently completed a bachelor’s degree in Passau and entered the magistracy for 2 years. Also I work at the University in the department of external relations and teach students.
How long have you lived in Germany? Were there any thoughts to return to Russia?
Almost 8 years. Our move did not pass through the classical scenario, when the whole family at once sells everything, leaves and leaves for good. It so happened that my father could not immediately leave the case, and we were leaving with the three of us with my mother and grandmother. After 8 months of living in Germany, it became clear that the pope could not leave his job, and my mother and grandmother returned back. They left, and I was completely alone. At that moment, of course, there were thoughts of abandoning everything and going back. But this is normal, and such a break-up occurs with many left. The most important thing at this stage is to be aware that this is just such a period that will end and everything will go differently. And I do not tend to change the decisions made, I do not like to turn off halfway. That’s why I still live in Germany and I understand that I did everything right.
Those who traveled: Germany.